I. The Basic Principles of Marxism â Critique Sociale. Abolition of all rights of inheritance. Centralisation of credit in the banks of the state, by means of aâ¦ Marxist literary criticism bases itself on Marx and Engel's theory that class struggle is an ongoing historical reality. 4. The Marxist philosophical method is dialectical materialism, a reversal of the dialectical idealism of Hegel.Dialectical materialism presumes the primacy of economic determinants in history. It is a theoretical-practical framework based on the analysis of "the conflicts between the powerful and the subjugated" with working class self-emancipation as its goal.. Key Marxist concepts are diametrically the opposite to capitalism and some believe have created a mentality of a society that is very much a âthem and usâ one. Marxism is an economic and social system derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (1829 - 1895). 1. Abolition of all rights of inheritance. Confiscation of the property of all emigrants and rebels. Theory of Equality: Equality implies the uprooting of economic classes. Major principles of Marxist ethics, are as follows: (1) Theory of Equality, (2) Theory of Freedom, (3) Theory of Progress, (4) Theory of Identity of Ends and Means, and (5) Approximation of Armed Revolt. All should work equally and receive equal wages. Karl Heinrich Marx (1818-1883) was a radical social theorist, whose thoughts on social, economic and political systems are generally referred to as âMarxismâ (Honderich, 1995). Marxism is a social, political, and economic theory originated by Karl Marx, which focuses on the struggle between capitalists and the working class. 1. Abolition of property in land and application of all rents of land to public purposes. Another Marxian attack on private property rights is in the form of Federal & State estate taxes and other inheritance taxes, which have abolished or at least greatly diluted the right of private property owners to determine the disposition and distribution of â¦ And only [â¦] Marxism is a way of thinking critically, but it is not a âsystemâ: âI have never established a â socialist system ââ, Karl Marx wrote in his âNotes on Adolph Wagner's Lehrbuch der politischen Ökonomie â (1880). 3. Marxism believes that capitalism can â¦ A heavy progressive or graduated income tax. The Three Sources and Three Component Parts of Marxism by V. I. Lenin, March 1913 The teaching of Marx evokes throughout the civilized world the greatest hostility and hatred on the part of all bourgeois science (both official and liberal), which regards Marxism as something in the nature of â¦ Through dialectical materialism was developed the fundamental Marxist premise that the history of society is the inexorable history of class struggle. 3. Certain concepts are key to an understanding of Marxism, a political theory that has shaped world politics for over 150 years. On these three sources of Marxism, which are at the same time its component parts, we shall dwell briefly. 2. 5. Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that uses a materialist interpretation of historical development, better known as historical materialism, to understand class relations and social conflict as well as a dialectical perspective to view social transformation.It originates from the works of 19th-century German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. The Basic Principles of Marxism Publié le 28 décembre 2013 par crisoc Marxism is a way of thinking critically, but it is not a âsystemâ: âI have never established a âsocialist systemââ, Karl Marx wrote in his âNotes on Adolph Wagnerâs Lehrbuch der politischen Ökonomieâ (1880). The philosophy of Marxism is materialism.