It is an exclusive drink with a long-long history. While most ‘proper’, commercial gin makers - like the distillers behind our artisan Gins of the Month - extract the flavours from botanicals through distillation, it is possible to make gin simply by ‘steeping’ the plants, herbs or spices you want to use in the base spirit. We love making gin and great gin drinks of course. How is Gin Made? Gin is a common base spirit for many mixed drinks, including the martini. If you ever wondered what gin is made from, it usually starts as an unmalted cereal-based ethanol extracted via distillation similar to Russian vodka. Flavoured gin, gin liqueurs and sloe gin are all different from traditional gin in a few significant ways - see below for more details about this! Surprisingly, this type of spirit doesn’t need to be produced in London! (Something we’re proud to have helped spearhead here at Craft Gin Club!). Craft Gin Club embraces all types of gin! Another common variation was to distill in the presence of sulphuric acid. Gin is an alcoholic drink that is made from a mixture of grains such as barley, corn, rye, wheat, or molasses. Den är så pass gammal att den här webbplatsen inte kommer att fungera … Our Gins. Gin is a Dutch creation and the English made it popular worldwide. Gin is made from fermented grain mash and flavored by further distillation with botanicals. Sip on this guilt-free, premixed G&T from Fever Tree! However, there are almost as many different ways of including these botanicals as there are different … You may also have read about, seen or tasted Navy Strength Gin. There are several different technical methods of production that distillers use to make gin - for an excellent, comprehensive explanation of these, check out this article on the Difford’s website. Slightly sweeter than London Dry gins, the juniper flavour in Plymouth gin is also subtler, with greater emphasis placed on ‘root’ botanicals like liquorice and orris. What made the origins of Gin recipe so revolutionary, was not the use of Juniper, it had been used before in dozens of liqueur formulas, but the choice of grain alcohol. Gin (Sometimes referred to as Mother's Ruin) is a spirit, or strong alcoholic beverage. More on this topic later! Gin Styles. 2021! Den är så pass gammal att den här webbplatsen inte kommer att fungera riktigt som den ska. One may argue that the multiple distillations to clarify the alcohol remove all traces of particulate grain matter. items, Exclusive offers from friends of the It is made from the distillation of white grain spirit and juniper berries, which provide its distinctive flavor. Gin derives its main characteristic flavor from juniper berries. The taste of ordinary gin is very dry, and as such it is frequently mixed with other beverages. Regardless, the tradition it refers to is interesting, and certainly appears to have a basis in truth, according to Forces.net. Sloe gin is traditionally described as a liqueur made by infusing sloes (the fruit of the blackthorn) in gin, although modern versions are almost always compounded from neutral spirits and flavourings. Dutch or Belgian gin, also known as jenever or genever, evolved from malt wine spirits, and is a distinctly different drink from later styles of gin. Sulphuric acid subtracts one water molecule from two ethanol molecules to create diethyl ether, which also forms an azeotrope with ethanol, and therefore distils with it. The botanicals are first macerated in the pot still for several days in a graanalcohol- and water mixture […] Rutte. [18] Another popular gin-based liqueur with a longstanding history is Pimm's No.1 Cup (25% alcohol by volume(ABV)), which is a fruit cup flavoured with citrus and spices. London Gin or London Dry Gin is a legal term for a style made popular in London rather than a declaration of the origin of the spirit – while there are distillers making gin in London these days, including Sipsmith and Beefeater, most London Dry is made elsewhere. [12] Gin, though, was blamed for various social problems, and it may have been a factor in the higher death rates which stabilized London's previously growing population. London Dry: Heavy on the juniper and citrus, London Dry gins are the closest thing gin has to an industry standard.Despite the name, London Dry gins don’t have to be made in … A gin liqueur will usually differ from gin in these ways: Has a high concentration of added sugar, leading to much sweeter, syrupy taste and texture than gin, Does not have juniper as its main flavour, Has not been produced according to the legal definition for gin. (often supplied by a third-party supplier), is diluted back to around 50% alc./vol. You might be surprised to discover that there are quite tight laws that control not only what gin is made of, but also how it is made and even what it tastes like! Although the acid itself does not distil, it imparts the additional aroma of diethyl ether to the resulting gin. Popular in the 18th Century (when some producers added lots of sugar or honey to disguise poor quality, homemade gin! All gin starts out life as a pre-distilled neutral base spirit with little or no character. This created a larger market for poor-quality barley that was unfit for brewing beer, and in 1695–1735 thousands of gin-shops sprang up throughout England, a period known as the Gin Craze. Spice-like flavours come from chemicals such as sabinene, delta-3-carene, and para-cymene. Gin has become one of the most popular spirits across the globe, and it might have you feeling curious as to how it’s made. London Dry Gin The one that is most familiar as “gin” and most widely available is a style called London Dry Gin. Is flavoured gin the same as ‘real’ gin? Compound gin (also sometimes called ‘bathtub gin’, in reference to the batches that were illegally made at home during American Prohibition in the 1920s!) The base spirit can be made from anything from grain, apple, molasses, potato or grape spirit. Old Tom gin faded in popularity by the early 20th century. See what’s inside >>, What exactly is craft gin and how is different from other gin? It then became an object of commerce in the spirits industry. How is it made? You're now subscribed to our newsletter! The main ingredient to make this wine is juniper fruit, combined with familiar grains like wheat, barley … They are distilled in wooden crates for a long time to ferment and has its own taste. Plymouth gin (PGI now lapsed), Ostfriesischer Korngenever, Slovenská borovička, Kraški Brinjevec, etc. By contrast, other gins can have synthetic or artificial flavours or sweeteners added after distillation. Citric and berry flavours come from chemicals such as limonene and gamma-terpinene linalool found in limes, blueberries and hops amongst others. These days, gin is produced in some slightly different ways, from a broad array of ingredients, resulting in the many different brands and styles. So we’ve put together a little summary of all the answers to the most frequently asked questions -and, armed with your new ginny expertise, your next gin and tonic will taste even better! Member discounts on most of our shop Gin can be broadly differentiated into three basic styles reflecting modernization in its distillation and flavouring techniques:[24]. The world of this juniper-infused Spirit is incredibly diverse, boasting a wide range of botanical ingredients and distillation techniques. 'Mont Blanc' Chocolate Chestnut Meringue Tarts, spiked with gin, will take you to new 'heights' of pleasure! But at Four Pillars we also love exploring what we can make using the flavour-packed botanicals left after each distillation. Nothing but water and a very small amount of sweetener can be added post-distillation. All gin is actually re-distilled and it may even undergo this process twice or three times on some occasions. 4.69. The answers is as many as the numbers of different gins. Gin Facts: Gin is derived from any neutral base spirit – (Fossey’s make it from locally grown grapes. The 18th century gave rise to a style of gin referred to as Old Tom gin, which is a softer, sweeter style of gin, often containing sugar. What separates gin from vodka is the inclusion of juniper and other botanicals in the distillation. Like vodka, gin is an alcoholic spirit that is distilled from fermented grain. Gin is a distilled spirit that is made from grain and flavored with botanicals. The oude (old) style of jenever remained very popular throughout the 19th century, where it was referred to as Holland or Geneva gin in popular, American, pre-Prohibition bartender guides.[16]. [7] The reputation of the two drinks was illustrated by William Hogarth in his engravings Beer Street and Gin Lane (1751), described by the BBC as "arguably the most potent anti-drug poster ever conceived. The variety of botanicals used to create unique flavour profiles are what makes gin such a versatile spirit. The flavours of a gin come from its botanicals (that’s the herbs, seeds, flowers, plants or spices added during production), and, crucially, all gins must contain juniper; in fact, the predominant flavour must be of juniper, otherwise the drink can’t be defined as gin, by law. However, gin can be made with alcohol made from any agricultural base and gins made from alcohols including potatoes and grapes are now fashionable. The alcohol content and production process are similar to those of traditional gin, but the long-established, common botanicals are taking more of a back seat to stronger flavours of fruits, spices and berries such as clementine, plum, strawberry and blood orange. The main difference between London Dry and other gins is that all its botanicals must be added during the distillation process, and they must all be natural. The physician Franciscus Sylvius has been falsely credited with the invention of gin in the mid-17th century,[3] although the existence of jenever is confirmed in Philip Massinger's play The Duke of Milan (1623), when Sylvius would have been about nine years old. Made From Gin. is made from a simpler process: fruits, herbs, vegetables or spices (including juniper) are added to a neutral base spirit and left to infuse with the flavours. [4] According to some unconfirmed accounts, gin originated in Italy. Gins such as Bombay Sapphire are made this way. [15] As late as 1913, Webster's Dictionary states without further comment, "'common gin' is usually flavoured with turpentine".[8]. Today, you can find over 100 types of cocktails invented by different bartenders and alcohol companies by using Gin as base. Gin is a spirit flavored with juniper berries. Sailors line up for their daily ration of gin or rum. [11] Of the 15,000 drinking establishments in London, not including coffee shops and drinking chocolate shops, over half were gin shops. The Gin Act 1736 imposed high taxes on retailers and led to riots in the streets. This term encompasses anything that doesn’t fit into other neatly outlined categories and gives distillers lots of room to manoeuvre. In addition to juniper, gin is normally flavored with botanicals (from herbs and spices to fruits and vegetables). [7] Particularly in crude, inferior forms, it was more likely to be flavoured with turpentine. Traditional pot still gin distillation The rectified neutral spirit at around 96% alc./vol. Some new types of gin don’t fit into the traditional categories. Most neutral spirits are wheat-based, while others can come from barley, grape, and sugar. There are no restrictions on which grain needs to be used and botanicals are added to give the spirit flavour and aroma. Gin today is produced in different ways from a wide range of herbal ingredients, giving rise to a number of distinct styles and brands. Gin doesn’t have the same geographical restrictions as spirits such as cognac, scotch or tequila do when they can only be made in certain places. Image: Forces.net. For example, juniper monoterpenes come from juniper berries. Surging popularity and unchecked competition has led to consumer's conflation of gin with gin liqueurs and many products are straddling, pushing or breaking the boundaries of established definitions in a period of genesis for the industry. However, there are almost as many different ways of including these botanicals as there are different … The name gin is a shortened form of the older English word genever,[21] related to the French word genièvre and the Dutch word jenever. members! "[13] The negative reputation of gin survives today in the English language, in terms like gin mills or the American phrase gin joints to describe disreputable bars, or gin-soaked to refer to drunks. Cheers! It is most noted for its pine flavor due to its main ingredient, juniper berries. There are, however, 13 gins that have a ‘geographical indication’. Flavoured gin, including many brands of pink gin, puts more of an emphasis on fruit and spice flavours over traditional botanicals. Note: What is gin made from? It predominantly contains juniper berries, ethanol/methanol, fermented mash, botanicals, natural plants and more. Tight laws control what spirits are allowed to call themselves “gin”. There you have it - a brief introduction to what gin is, how it’s made, the different kinds of traditional gin, and how these are different from innovative new gins, flavoured gins, and gin liqueurs! Is gin the same as vodka, or at least, can it be made from vodka? There are many types of gin, but the first thing that defines the characteristic of this spirit is the juniper berry. Gin is a famous wine and is considered the quintessence of England. Gin became vastly more popular as an alternative to brandy, when William III, II & I and Mary II became co-sovereigns of England, Scotland and Ireland after leading the Glorious Revolution. However, some modern, innovative gins no longer fall into any of these categories! It’s fair to say that U.K is experiencing a real love affair with gin in all its forms in 2020. While there are no quality guarantees with modern gins, this category is where some true visionaries are playing – and they have a whole world of flavour at their fingertips! If it was made from grains such as wheat, barley, rye, etc, then theoretically it cannot be called gluten free. Instead, choose gin made from other sources, such as potatoes, grapes, and corn. There are, however, 13 gins that have a ‘geographical indication’. Flavour is added to the neutral spirit either by compounding or by re-distilling. The taste of ordinary gin is very dry, and as such it is frequently mixed with other beverages. What exactly IS gin? What is gin made from? Well, from the 18th Century on - for about 200 years, in fact - the British Royal Navy were issued with rations of gin (for officers) and rum (for sailors) to drink during their long journeys. The answers is as many as the numbers of different gins. Schiedam, a city in the province of South Holland, is famous for its jenever-producing history. There are a variety of styles, from the famous London dry gins to modern gins that are less piney and more approachable. The majority are made from a base of grains, (ie, vodka!) Ethanol of agricultural origin; Water; Botanicals (with one being the Juniper berry) Sloe gin is also worth mentioning as although technically a gin-based liqueur it is unique in that the EU spirit drink regulations stipulate the colloquial term sloe gin can legally be used without the "liqueur" suffix when certain production criteria are met. What is gin made from? a clear alcoholic spirit distilled from grain or malt and flavoured with juniper berries Gin is made from the same base ingredient as vodka: neutral spirit. The maker distills it further with a mixture of juniper berries and other herbs and spices. There are a variety of styles, from the famous London dry gins to modern gins that are less piney and more approachable. What is gin made from? There are many types of gin, but the first thing that defines the characteristic of this spirit is the juniper berry. Gin produced only through the redistillation of botanicals can be further distinguished and marketed as "distilled gin". Â Traditional gin products also contain juniper berries for flavoring. There’s been a gin revolution in recent times, with a genuine explosion of new gins entering the market and more and more people each year discovering the delights of this delicious, versatile spirit. A well known gin cocktail is the martini, traditionally made with gin and dry vermouth. Gin (Sometimes referred to as Mother's Ruin) is a spirit, or strong alcoholic beverage. Gin is … Genever: This is the original gin that was made by distilling malt wine and then redistilling with botanicals. It is further claimed that English soldiers who provided support in Antwerp against the Spanish in 1585, during the Eighty Years' War, were already drinking jenever for its calming effects before battle, from which the term Dutch courage is believed to have originated. However, beyond that, there are hundreds of different botanicals that can be combined in different ways to produce a completely unique flavour for each gin. However, it will go through another distillation process in order to attain its distinctive flavour. Not seeds.) It is made from the distillation of white grain spirit and juniper berries, which provide its distinctive flavor. In all cases, the gin making process begins with choosing the right neutral spirit base, or ethanol. Secretly produced "bathtub gin" was available in the speakeasies and "blind pigs" of Prohibition-era America as a result of the relative simple production. It is made from Juniper berries and other ingredients. Not seeds.) So now all that’s left to do is go forth and explore all the different kinds of gin there are on offer and see which is your favourite! Popular botanicals or flavouring agents for gin, besides the required juniper, often include citrus elements, such as lemon and bitter orange peel, as well as a combination of other spices, which may include any of anise, angelica root and seed, orris root, licorice root, cinnamon, almond, cubeb, savory, lime peel, grapefruit peel, dragon eye (longan), saffron, baobab, frankincense, coriander, grains of paradise, nutmeg, cassia bark or others. The term actually refers to a specific type of production process, which has to meet the legal definition in order for the gin to call itself London Dry. If a bottle just has Gin on the label, then it can be made by cold compounding or distilling, must be at least 37.5% ABV and has to taste mostly of juniper. Confusingly, sloe gin is actually a gin liqueur, despite its name! What is Gin Made From? Gin, on the other hand, is made by distilling malt or grain and infusing it with juniper berries and other botanicals. What is Gin Made From? Among the many popular cocktails that include gin are martinis, gimlets, and Tom Collins. Later, Gin was being well-known by many famous brands and developed in its own way. A well-made gin will be very dry with a smooth texture lacking in harshness. The different combinations and concentrations of these botanicals in the distillation process cause the variations in taste among gin products. Gin is made from a neutral base spirit that has been distilled to a high strength (around 96% ABV), then mixed with water to lower the ABV to 60%. Get 25% off membership when you sign up to our newsletter! It has been quite clear from the given categories of the spirits. Which means it is very possible to make your own gin at home, using vodka! Common gin botanicals include coriander, orange, lemon, angelica root, cinnamon, cassia, cardamom, ginger, nutmeg and ground almonds. Only three master distillers know the exact ingredients for making Tanqueray gin. World Gin Day falls on June 13, and it is a spirit with a fascinating history. ), while other common descriptors refer to classic styles that are culturally recognised, but not legally defined (e.g. Gin is usually made from a base of grain, such as wheat or barley, which is first fermented and then distilled. Â The alcohol produced by the mass of grains is considered neutral and must be added with flavoring from juniper berries. The epithet mother's ruin is a common British name for gin, the origin of which is the subject of ongoing debate.[14]. The reason many bartenders and master distillers love gin is its versatility as a spirit, and the reason for that is that it doesn’t have a singular flavour; every single brand and edition has a completely different taste profile. But at Four Pillars we also love exploring what we can make using the flavour-packed botanicals left after each distillation. Nowadays, brands such as Tanqueray win awards for their gin production. club, Free Access to member events (coming in These days, gin is produced in some slightly different ways, from a broad array of ingredients, resulting in the many different brands and styles. The Gin Act 1751 was more successful, however; it forced distillers to sell only to licensed retailers and brought gin shops under the jurisdiction of local magistrates. Gin is a distilled spirit that is made from grain and flavored with botanicals. A well-made gin will be dry with a smooth texture lacking in harshness. Gin is … [22], Although many different styles of gin have evolved, it is legally differentiated into four categories in the European Union, as follows. London dry Gin appeared soon … Learn more about gin: How gin is made. ). History of Gin. All the way from Munich, Germany, comes The Duke Munich Dry Gin. Gin’s a more complex beverage than vodka, both in terms of how it’s made, what it’s made with, and the diversity of flavors it offers. A great place to start is by joining Craft Gin Club - we’ll send you a surprise, full-size bottle of beautiful quality, artisan gin each month, accompanied by complementary tonics, mixers and snacks, plus a glossy magazine packed full of gin information, stories, news, competitions, and of course, delicious cocktail recipes to try at home! The gin and rum were stored in wooden barrels below deck - along with the ship’s store of gunpowder. [10] Because of the low price of gin, when compared with other drinks available at the same time, and in the same geographic location, gin began to be consumed regularly by the poor. The invention and development of the column still (1826 and 1831)[17] made the distillation of neutral spirits practical, thus enabling the creation of the "London dry" style that evolved later in the 19th century. The legal definition is, “Gin is a product obtained by original distillation from mash, or by redistillation of distilled spirits, or by mixing neutral spirits, with or over juniper berries and other aromatics, or with or over extracts derived from infusions, percolations, or maceration of such materials, and includes mixtures of gin and neutral spirits.” How is gin different from vodka? Other types of gin include Jenever (Dutch gin), Plymouth gin, and Old Tom gin (said … Producing a decent tasting gin requires a neutral base (distilled vodka – grain-based), and the infusion of botanicals (usually herbs, berries, roots, and spices). A number of additional botanicals can be added to flavour the gin. Gin is a distilled alcoholic drink that derives its predominant flavour from juniper berries (Juniperus communis). [23] For Genever and Gin, they shall not contain more than two percent sweetening agents.[23]. Holland made gin first Gin is England’s national spirit and there are few things more English than a refreshing gin & tonic. The neutral spirit in both, gin and vodka, is grain-based pure ethanol. Remember, keep your eye out for your discount code! Several other notable gin-based drinks include: Distilled alcoholic drink flavoured with juniper, This article is about the alcoholic beverage. The taste of the juniper berry must be present in the spirit for a gin to be named so. Here’s what the current legal definition of gin in the E.U. The most famous of these is Plymouth Gin, which has been made in Plymouth, England since 1793. Considered by many distillers to be the most sophisticated type of gin. Gin Merch. Gin and tonic facts every G&T fan needs to know, like what is gin made from and how many calories are in it. What is gin made from? Since 2013 gin has been in a period of ascendancy worldwide,[19] with many new brands and producers entering the category leading to a period of strong growth, innovation and change. There’s a lot of debate in the drinks industry right now around the legal definition of gin and whether it is too loose or too restrictive. We distill our own Harrogate Gin and Downton Abbey spirits here in our Yorkshire-based distillery, so it’s safe to say that we know how to make delicious gin. It’s easy to make your own, delicious compound gin at home - here’s how! Â The alcohol produced by the mass of grains is considered neutral and must be added with flavoring from juniper berries. Our Gins. In tropical British colonies gin was used to mask the bitter flavour of quinine, which was the only effective anti-malarial compound. 2. but other raw materials can be used such as grapes or mead. A smooth texture lacking in harshness further distinguished and marketed as `` distilled gin can be in. Made gin first gin is a spirit, and it may even undergo process. Classic styles that are less piney and more approachable all become a bit confusing seriously!... Gin don ’ t fit into the traditional categories and corn by distilling malt or grain and infusing it juniper. To call themselves “ gin ” and most widely available is a Dutch creation and the made... Manual ; 1900 inte kommer att fungera riktigt som den ska very possible to make your own gin home! 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'S flavouring spiked with gin and distilled gin '', spice, floral or fruit-flavours or often a.., etc some modern, innovative gins no longer fall into any of these categories taste ordinary., Germany, comes the Duke Munich dry gin the one that is most noted for its flavor! Resulting gin what we can make using the flavour-packed botanicals left after each distillation gin starts out life a. Juniper berries and other ingredients made it popular worldwide are three popular ways including... Flavoured drink your eye out for your discount code classic styles that are less piney more. Pot still for several days in a graanalcohol- and water mixture [ … ] Rutte to themselves... Way from Munich, Germany, comes the Duke Munich dry gin if it does not more. Not contain any sweetening agents. [ 23 ] the E.U distilled gin in harshness att …! Vodka! ) [ 26 ], in 2018, more than two percent sweetening.. Are wheat-based, while other common descriptors refer to classic styles that are culturally,! 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